Writing literature review for dissertation
It can give you a degree of control, in what can feel like an overwhelming and uncontrollable stage of the research process. For example, a study of the performance of a clinical team working in gerontology might involve reading literature within medicine; nursing; other allied healthcare specialties; psychology; and sociology; as well as perhaps healthcare policy; and patients’ experiences of healthcare. Although you clearly need to write in an academic style, it doctoral thesis for water quality can be helpful to imagine that you are writing literature review for dissertation telling a story. You need to demonstrate to your reader that you are examining your sources with a critical approach, and not just believing them automatically. The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study. A skill that helps in curtailing the reading is: knowing where to set boundaries. An electronic search may throw up a huge number of hits, but there are still likely to be other relevant articles that c curriculum experience phd resume submit tip uk vitae it has not detected. In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. You may also want to make a clear decision about whether to start with a very narrow focus and work outwards, or to start wide before focussing in. A literature review is an account of what has been published on writing literature review for dissertation a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. E. The thread running through the story is the explanation of why you decided to do the study that you are doing. Step 2: Decide on a topic If there is a key article or book that is of major importance to the development of your own research ideas, it is important to give extra space to describing and critiquing that piece of literature in more depth. A practical way to help you avoid accidentally forgetting to reference someone else’s work, is routinely to record short extracts of text verbatim i. You will need to put inverted commas (‘xxx’) around the exact quote, and record the page number on which it appears. Structure No electronic literature search can be 100% comprehensive, as the match between search terms and the content of articles will never be perfect. This can mean that you get mixed up over what is an exact quote, and what you have written in your own words; or over what was an idea of your own that you jotted down, or an idea from some text. It needs to reach the logical conclusion that your research is a good idea. Writing it up Often hand searching of journals will reveal ideas about focus, research questions, methods, techniques, or interpretations that had not occurred to you. Ways of finding writing literature review for dissertation relevant writing literature review for dissertation material Electronic sources In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Increased ease of access to a wider range of published material has also increased the need for careful and clear critique of sources. To some how to write a preface for a dissertation extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself. It can happen accidentally, for example, if you are careless in your note-taking. Perhaps if you modify your search strategy you will find something. It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings. , your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis). Check out whether there is an important reason why the research has not been done, which would make it sensible for you to choose a different focus. : using the exact words of the author, rather than putting the idea into your own words at the point where you are still reading. It is a good idea to decide your strategy on this, rather than drifting into writing literature review for dissertation one or the other. However, if there really isn’t anything, then you need to ask why this is the case. It is an important showcase of your talents of: understanding, interpretation, analysis, clarity of thought, synthesis, and development of argument. A good, well-explained structure is also a huge help to the reader. Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment (sometimes in the form of writing literature review for dissertation an annotated bibliography—see the bottom of the next page), but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis. To help you do this, you will need to establish a structure to work to. Just because something is ‘published’ does not mean its quality is assured. Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e. Using tables Plagiarism is the using of someone else’s words or ideas, and passing them off as your own. Sometimes even a key idea can be discovered in this way. G. So, despite having access to electronic databases and to electronic searching techniques, it can be surprisingly useful to have a pile of journals actually on your desk, and to look through the contents pages, and the individual articles. Decisions need to be made about where to focus your reading, and where you can refer briefly to an area but explain why you will not be going into it in more detail. It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries Firstly, this is unlikely. G. It is therefore probably worth allocating some time to sitting in the library, with issues from the last year or two of the most relevant journals for your research topic, and reviewing them for anything of relevance. Similarly, if there are some studies that you will be referring to more than to others, it would be useful to give them a full report and critique at this stage. Font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations. The story needs to be logical, informative, persuasive, comprehensive and, ideally, interesting. You may even want to do both at once. If you do decide to go ahead, then take extra care designing your research, in the absence of guidance from previous studies. It is important to keep the focus on your study, rather than on the literature (Wellington 2005). As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined buy college application essay nursing by a guiding concept (e. Having a lot of literature to report on can feel overwhelming.