Research paper on anxiety disorder
(Journal abstract. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Helping the anxiety sufferer to understand and how to handle the emotional forces that may have contributed to developing symptoms (anxiety-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy) research paper on anxiety disorder has also been found to be effective in teaching an individual with panic disorder how to prevent an anxiety attack or to decrease or stop a panic attack once it starts. The fact that NIMH is currently conducting 14 clinical trials related to anxiety disorders indicates both the growing interest in defining and finding treatment, and the relative lack of previous research specific to this disorder, which was often subsumed in other diagnostic categories or seen as secondary to other mental illnesses. Examples of SNRI medications are duloxetine ( Cymbalta), venlafaxine ( Effexor), and desvenlafaxine ( Pristiq). ) When people are diagnosed with GAD, they commonly have (or had) other anxiety disorders. ” Research and prevalence statistics now show that these disorders take a serious toll on quality of life and can result in suicide. In a sense, social anxiety and Social Phobia are probably caused by the same factors that are responsible for any strong human emotional experience: our genetic makeup, biological factors, and the culmination of learning experiences throughout our lives (Antony & Swinson, 2008). Below we discuss three factors that are believed to play a role: Our genes, our brains, and research paper on anxiety disorder our life experiences. One such book, The Shyness research paper on anxiety disorder and Social Anxiety Workbook: Proven Step-by-Step Techniques for Overcoming Your Fear by Martin M. Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms such as palpitations, sweating, irritability, and feelings of stress. However, it seems to be less effective in managing many other disorders that often co-occur (are comorbid) with GAD. Symptoms of GAD are very common in other disorders, including PTSD, panic disorder, bipolar disorder, and psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia). D. Some of the newer antidepressants work in a similar way to SRI and SNRI medications but do not yet have an FDA approval for treatment of GAD. S. Or maybe not. Some of these newer medications are levomilnacipran (Fetzima), vilazodone (Viibryd), and vortioxetine ( Brintellix). It also reflects a growing emergence of a disorder that, by its very nature, remains hidden since people living with extreme anxiety or phobias often disengage from social contacts in response to symptoms. Significant gains have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety research paper on anxiety disorder disorders, including several standardized assessment tools. Examples of recommended readings are provided below. If a health-care professional suspects that you have GAD, you will likely undergo an extensive medical interview and physical examination. However, the diagnosis of GAD would not be reputable cost effective dissertation writers online given if the worry and anxiety are research paper on anxiety disorder better explained by another diagnosis. This and other CBT-based books are designed to teach people evidence-based cognitive and behavioral strategies for making gains on their own. This article provides a description of Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD) and its diagnosis, and reviews evidence-based methods of assessment including clinical interviews, self-report scales, parent-teacher reports, behavioral observations, and self-monitoring in order to understand the child and the relevant social ecology and to provide the basis for formulating and evaluating social work intervention strategies. In terms of medications, buspirone (BuSpar) is known to be quite effective for treating GAD. With appropriate treatment, the symptoms of anxiety disorders, such as avoidance, compulsions, and physiological accompaniments, can be significantly diminished. While it is often most helpful to work through these strategies with the help of a psychotherapist, many people are able to achieve significant gains using self-guided therapy manuals. Antony, Ph. Because anxiety may be associated with a number of other medical conditions or can be a side effect of reliable essay writing service uk various medications, routine laboratory tests are often performed during the initial evaluation to rule out other causes of your symptoms. Occasionally, an X-ray, scan, or other imaging study may be needed. Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs): SNRIs act on two brain chemicals, rather than just serotonin like the SSRIs. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the Anxiety Disorders Association of America (ADAA) provide an array of information demonstrating the prevalence of anxiety disorders and their affect on individuals, families, and society. If you think you have Social Phobia and would like this assessed, your best bet would be to consult with a mental health professional about your concerns. Behavioral techniques that are often used to decrease anxiety include relaxation techniques and gradually increasing exposure to situations research paper on anxiety disorder that may have previously precipitated anxiety in the individual. As part of this examination, you may be asked a series of questions from a standardized questionnaire or self-test to help assess your risk of anxiety. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for effective treatment of GAD, are prescribed more often. The answers to these questions will help assess whether you meet the diagnostic criteria for GAD (as described above). As mentioned earlier, learning to become your own therapist is one of the primary goals of CBT. There are a variety of treatments available for controlling anxiety, including several effective anti-anxiety medications and specific forms of psychotherapy. A review of recent research related to anxiety disorders reveals three interest areas: (1) co-morbidity with other psychiatric or physical illnesses; (2) attempts to refine diagnoses through measurement validation; and (3) exploration of family relationships, such as the role of parental influence in the development of the disorder, living with a parent or sibling who manifests the disorder, and managing behavior which may or may not be caused by the disorder. Two SNRIs (listed below) are currently on the market, though only venlafaxine-XR has been studied as a treatment for Social Phobia. Individuals with GAD very commonly will also have major depressive phd thesis in patient safety episodes (unipolar depression; " clinical depression") during their life. Yes! It is virtually impossible to single out one factor that "causes" social anxiety; rather, it is more likely to be a combination of contributing causes that come together in the right place, at the right time. Maybe... In fact, anxiety disorders as a group are the most common mental illness in America. D. According to “The Economic Burden of Anxiety Disorders,” a study commissioned by the ADAA and based on data gathered by the Association and published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, anxiety disorders cost the United States more than $42 billion a year—almost one-third of the $148 billion total mental health bill for the United States. However, because social anxiety is something many of us experience from time to time, it is critical not to self-diagnose. Historically, the mental how to write a letter of application work experience health field has considered anxiety disorders to be less serious than other mental illnesses and research paper on anxiety disorder has characterized people living with the disorders as “the worried well. If you find that your social anxiety is above and beyond what you would consider "normal" or appropriate and it significantly interferes with your quality of life, you may have Social Phobia. Our Genes: Ongoing research on the genetic foundations of physical and mental health suggests that a tendency toward anxiety, and social phobia in particular, has a moderate level of "heritability" - in other words, if your parents have Social Phobia or another anxiety disorder, you are somewhat more likely to have an anxiety disorder yourself, because of genes inherited from your parents. S. They are often used for Social Phobia in a similar way to the SSRI medications. , and Richard Swinson, M. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the United States, with 40 million how to write a high school application essay english or18. Treatment generally pitch perfect how to write a successful college admission essay includes a mix of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and medication, specifically anti-depressants or anxiolytics. Therefore, specific members of the serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) and the serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) classes of drugs, which are also approved by the U. 1 percent of do write my performance evaluation the adult U. A large body of research documents the efficacy of CBT as a first-line treatment. Population (age 18 and older) affected. , has recently been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for individuals with mild to moderate Social Phobia (Abramowitz, Moore, Braddock, & Harrington, 2009). Examples of SRI medications include fluoxetine ( Prozac), sertraline ( Zoloft), paroxetine ( Paxil), citalopram ( Celexa), and escitalopram ( Lexapro).